Madison, Indiana

Madison, Indiana was the site of one of the most organized, undocumented black strongholds of the Underground Railroad along the Ohio River. 200 blacks lived in Madison, and the ringleader of Underground was George Baptiste. He ran a barber shop where if he was questioned, he told them he “only wished he was smart enough to smuggle the blacks, because if he was he'd capture all of them in ol’ Kentuc…” In reality, he was engaged on continual rescues to transport some 143 runaways. Elijah Anderson, a fee black also was based in Madison, led more than 1,000 runaways to freedom by 1855 and was dubbed “General Superintendent of the Underground Railroad.”

Madison, Indiana was the site of one of the most organized, undocumented black strongholds of the Underground Railroad along the Ohio River. 200 blacks lived in Madison, and the ringleader of Underground was George Baptiste. He ran a barber shop where if he was questioned, he told them he “only wished he was smart enough to smuggle the blacks, because if he was he’d capture all of them in ol’ Kentuc…” In reality, he was engaged on continual rescues to transport some 143 runaways. Elijah Anderson, a fee black also was based in Madison, led more than 1,000 runaways to freedom by 1855 and was dubbed “General Superintendent of the Underground Railroad.”

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